The organizational human resource system is examined as a key factor in the development and implementation of the organizational competitive strategy. The human resources function is viewed as a key business partner. The role of human resources in creating a sustainable competitive advantage is covered in detail. Topics often include organizational factors (e.g., cultures, values) that impact HR planning and strategy, HR environmental analysis and competitor analysis, internal analysis of the HR system for competitive initiatives, HR contributions to business strategy formulation, and the nature and use of HR strategy. Prerequisites: None.